Three Animal Species Have Gone Extinct In India

Desertification IndiaTasnim News Agency Via Wikimedia

Three animal species have now become extinct in India, in what is devastating news for any of us who care about the future of out planet.

These three species – the Indian Cheetah, pink-headed duck, and the Great Indian Bustard – have reportedly gone extinct because of the impact of desertification in India.

This grave news was announced this week by researchers attending the 14th meeting of the Conference of Parties to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD).

Desertification IndiaPA

Director of the Zoological Survey of India, Kailash Chandra, told ANI:

We have a database for more than 5.6 million specimens, collected from all over India and also from the neighbouring countries before independence. They give a lot of information about how things have changed in more than 100 years.

If you see their distribution in geo-special platforms, you’ll realise how much changes have occurred because of the impact of deforestation and desertification.

Mr Chandra continued:

A minimum of three to four species have already become extinct in India, such as India Cheetah, pink-headed duck, and the Great Indian Bustard,

[…] Many more are on the verge of becoming extinct and therefore fall into the category of critically endangered species. These specimens have reduced to less than 150.

According to Mr Chandra, desertification is caused by a number of factors, including insecticides, pesticides, agricultural land conversion, industries, chemicals, and indiscriminate development.

He has stressed that, in order to ‘reverse this process’, humans will need to regulate everything in order to minimise the damage.

Desertification IndiaPA

As emphasised by Mr Chandra, desertification has a devastating impact on biodiversity – from microscopic animals to human beings – and has profound consequences for the food chain.

India is reportedly facing a growing land degradation crisis, with over 30 per cent of its land area having been degraded.

However, it’s not just India which is facing these issues. As discussed at the conference, the entire planet is facing issues with soil aridity, a problem which is affecting some of the most vulnerable ecosystems.

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